Q. 13.7( 6 Votes )
What could be the reasons of lower sex ratio in any region?
Sex ratio refers to the number of females per thousand males in a region. India has a low sex ratio.
The reasons for lower sex ratio are as follows:s
People are not aware of the role of women in modern society. This is because of child marriages where girls get married at an early age without having a chance to study and educate themselves.
b. Female infanticide:
Even though the Government has passed many Acts to stop this inhuman act, people still prefer to have a male child due to many reasons. Hence, girl babies are killed as soon as they are born.
c. Domestic violence:
Women are considered to be weaker sex and hence crimes and violence against women is still a common feature in many of the rural households. This makes even the mother stop having a girl child.
d. Female foeticide:
Due to socio-economic issues like dowry, people destroy the girl foetus in the womb itself. Many laws have been made to prevent this.
Poverty is a major reason for the declining sex ratio. Families living under Below Poverty Line(BPL) generally do not want to have girl children.
f. Lack of women empowerment:
Due to lack of education, women do not enjoy equal opportunities in many of the rural areas, especially in northern India.
The lower sex ratio, even in the twenty-first century is really a cause of concern.
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