Q. 24

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Answer :

Democracy evolves through popular struggles, and it is a rule of the people. People in a democracy from time to time exercise this power. It is possible that some significant decisions may take place through consensus and may not involve any conflict at all. But that would be an exception.

Democracy has a major loophole that it usually involves conflict between those groups who have already exercised power and those who wants to have shared in power. And, the country Bolivia faced the same problem where the government of Bolivia was under pressure from the World Bank. So, it decided to privatize the water supply in the country's third largest city, i.e., Cochabamba which further led to an increase in water tariffs.

This created the huge uproar among the people of Bolivia because they were dissatisfied with the decision of the government. This led to demonstrations and a general strike against the tariff increase and the privatization of water resources. Then, the government arrested Oscar Olivera who was the leader of the protesters. But the protests were spread to the entire nation and the government declared a state of emergency. Under pressure of the protestors, the government finally released Oscar Olivera and signed an agreement with him stating that the concession would be ended.
These moments came when the country was transforming into democracy, expansion of democracy or deepening of democracy.

It is often believed, that democratic conflict can b resolved only through mass mobilization. But, sometimes it is possible that the conflict is resolved by using the existing institutions like the legislature, executive or the judiciary.

Such conflicts and mobilizations are based on new political organizations where there is an element of quickness in all such historic moments. But the spontaneous public participation can become effective when an organized politics helps it.

Thus, the Bolivian water war is an example of the power of the common people, and this is the beauty of democracy which makes it the best model of government across the world.

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