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What are the requirements for the cultivation of wheat?

Answer :

Cereals are the plants of the grass family that is cultivated for their edible components. Their starchy edible seeds form the major source of diet for more than half of the world’s population. They form the staple diet for a large number of people. Rice, wheat, barley, millets, oats, and maize are the major cereal crops grown throughout the world.


Wheat is an important cereal crop that is grown mainly in the temperate areas of the world. It forms the major component of food in the temperate regions. Since wheat requires warm and moist conditions in its early stages and dry, sunny conditions in the later stages of its growth, temperate areas provide the ideal prerequisites for its cultivation. It requires a temperature of 15 ̊ - 20 ̊ and rainfall of 50-60 cm. Loamy soil is the composition of the sand, silt and smaller amount of clay. It is rich in minerals. The loamy soils and its organic and biological components in the temperate areas also add to its high production in the region. Wheat requires highly mechanised and automated cultivation. It is mainly grown in the open, undulating areas in the world.


The highest producers if wheat in the world is USA, China, Ukraine, Canada, Argentina, Australia, India, and Pakistan. In India wheat is a rabi crop grown between October and March in the northern states of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana.


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