Answer :

In 1993 parliament passed two constitutional amendments 73rd and 74th. These amendments brought the rural and urban institutions of local self government into constitutional recognition and importance like the other institutions. The provisions of 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act makes provisions for the reservations of seats in local government for the disadvantaged groups like the women, the scheduled castes, the scheduled tribes and the other backward classes in the rural India. One third of all positions in panchayat are reserved for them. The Panchayats have been given the authority and responsibility of local planning and mobilisation of their own resources.

This definitely has changed the village leadership profile by transferring the leadership from the dominant social groups to the underprivileged social groups in the decision making progression. This promotes representation of all social groups in the panchayati institution. Now the people from the lower caste and backward category have now the benefit to play important roles in the government process to bring benefit to their community.

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