Answer :

The concept of planning in India can be traced back to the pre-independence era. The idea of planning was widespread after the Great Depression in the agricultural sector.
In the year 1934, the first blueprint of India's planning was given by an engineering administrator M.Visvervaraya. He is considered as the pioneer in talking about planning in India. He had written a book called Planned Economy for India in the year 1934. In this book, he has given the idea of the 10-year planning system for the country. He had proposed capital investment of Rs 1,000 crore and ensured a six-fold increase in the industrial output per year.
In the year 1938, the Indian National Congress appointed the National Planning Commission to formulate a plan for the economic development of the country. The main aim was to solve the problem of poverty and unemployment in particular and national Defence and economic regeneration in general. However, this was not successful due to the outbreak of the Second World War.
During the 1940s, many plans were proposed. One such plan was the Bombay plan prepared by the Indian capitalists. They had devised a system of economic planning with considerable government intervention. Under this plan, planning and industrialization were synonymous.
In 1944. M.N.Roy gave the People's Plan. This idea was inspired by the Soviet planning. It favored a socialist type of society, with the main focus on agriculture and small-scale industries.
In the same year, S. N. Agarwal mentioned in his book ‘The Gandhian Plan' where he emphasized the expansion of small unit pro �duction and agriculture.
After Independence, a proper commission for planning was formed.


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