Q. 154.5( 2 Votes )
What are the prob
India is the land of villages. The primary occupation of the villagers is agriculture. Agriculture forms the backbone of the Indian economy.
The following are the problems faced by the Indian agriculture system.
a. Dependence on monsoon
b. Low Productivity
c. Lack of adequate finance
d. Size of the farm and division of landholdings
a. Dependence on monsoon:
Indian agriculture is mainly dependent on monsoon which is erratic. Monsoon is highly unpredictable and sometimes the failure of monsoon leads to drought and famine.
b. Low Productivity:
Agricultural productivity is sometimes low due to many factors such as failure of monsoon, lack of modern methods and soil fertility. Poor yield is also a result of inadequate irrigation facilities and poor farming methods.
c. Lack of adequate finance:
The farmers are left with inadequate finance to boost production. Farmers need to buy modern machinery and other tools to use. Nowadays many farmers die due to debts and loans.
d. Size of the farm and fragmented land holdings:
The type of crops grown is dependent on the size of the farm. Many farmers who have small farms cannot cultivate large quantities of crops and thus their production is less. Sometimes, the landholdings are fragmented and hence this leads to less yield.
Some of the measures that can be adopted to overcome this situation are:
a. Multipurpose projects can be undertaken and dams can be constructed to store more water that can be used for irrigation. This helps at the time of failure of monsoon.
b. Farmers can be provided with High Yield Variety of seeds to boost productivity. Modern methods of agriculture can be implemented.
c. Farmers can be given loans by the Government and hence borrowing money from lenders at high interest rates can be avoided.
Thus, the problems faced by Indian agriculture can be managed by adopting better techniques.
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