Q. 4

What are the probable factors that contributed to population explosion in India?

Answer :

Population explosion means sudden and rapid rise in the population growth.

The probable factors that contributed to population explosion in India are:


i. In India the quality of life of people improved. This led to increased health facilities and better living conditions. This is one of the reasons of population explosion.


ii. Rapid decline in death rate, maternal mortality rate (MMR) and infant mortality rate (IMR)


iii. Increase in number of people of reproducible age.


iv. People mostly in rural areas are unaware and their ignorance about the ill effects of increasing population is also leading to population explosion.


v. Poverty and illiteracy


vi. Social stigmas surrounding girl child.


vii. Desire to have a male child makes people to have more children.


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