Answer :

The major characteristics of political parties are:

1. To attain power

It is the main objective of all political parties. They compete with each other for the same; there is nothing wrong with objective of gaining power as long as the competition is fair.

2. To pursue an ideology

A party’s stand on certain social issues defines its ideology. In modern times, most political parties have similar ideologies which make it difficult for the common voter to decide whom to support.

3. To have a common agenda

On basis of their ideologies, parties prepare their agendas. They aim to garner public support for their agenda in other to win elections and implement them.

4. To establish a government

The political party which gets majority of votes in the elections forms the government; the parties with lesser votes form the opposition.

5. To act as a link between people & the government.

Political parties are the connecting link between people and the government. They communicate the demands and the complaints of the people to the elected leaders and on the other hand, the government tries to get support of the people for its policies and programmes through the channel of political parties.

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