Q. 223.8( 15 Votes )
What are the limitations of Rutherford's model of the atom?
Rutherford’s model of an atom was able to explain a lot about the structure of atom. Although it has a few drawbacks as well. According to this model the atom would not be stable. This phenomenon can be explained as follows:
According to this model, the orbital revolution of the electron is not expected to be stable. Any particle which is in a circular orbit would undergo an acceleration. Charged particles would radiate energy during acceleration. Electrons are negatively charged. Thus, the revolving electron would lose energy. It will finally fall into the nucleus. If this was the situation, then the atom should be highly unstable. Hence, matter would not exist in the form that we know.
Rate this question :
What conclusion would be drawn by Rutherford when he observed that most of the fast moving α-particles passed straight through the gold foil?All In One - Science
How was it shown that an atom has a lot of empty space within it?Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur - Chemistry
Enlist the conclusions drawn by Rutherford from his α-ray scattering experiment.NCERT Science - Exemplar
Name the gas which produces anode rays consisting of protons in the discharge tube experiment.Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur - Chemistry
Rutherford’s α- particle scattering experiment showed that:
(i) Electrons have negative charge
(ii) The mass and positive charge of the atom is concentrated in the nucleus
(iii) Neutron exists in the nucleus
(iv) Most of the space in atom is empty
Which of the above statements are correct?Evergreen - Science
An alpha particle is also known as:Evergreen - Science
Which of the following statements about Rutherford’s model of atom are correct?
(i) Considered the nucleus as positively charged.
(ii) Established that the - particles are four times as heavy as a hydrogen atom
(iii) Can be compared to solar system
(iv) Was in agreement with Thomson’s modelEvergreen - Science
(a) Write the name of the sub – atomic particle discovered by J. Chadwick. What type of charge occurs on this particle? In which part of an atom this particle is located?
(b) List three steps of an experiment performed by Rutherford for his model of an atom.
(c) Define isobar, write its one example.
(d) Which scientist concluded that the size of the nucleus is very small as compared to the size of an atom?Together with Science