Answer :

Causes of World War II were-

a. Humiliation caused by the treaty of Versailles- Germany lost in WWI and it signed the humiliating treaty of Versailles under which they had to pay the war indemnity. Germany was being disarmed after the war by the allied powers and it also lost some of its valuable territories and resources.


b. Growth of Nazism and Fascism- Hitler of Germany and Mussolini of Italy glorified war in the name of nationalism. They instigated the common masses for violence in the name of nationhood.


c. Military Alliance- Many countries allied with each other so to ensure each other’s cooperation and safety in the condition of war. For instance Britain , France, USSR and China allied together and Germany, Italy and Japan came together as Axis powers.


d. Immediate Cause- Germany invaded and annexed Poland. The sudden attack on Poland alarmed Britain and France against the rising power of Germany under Hitler and as a result they declared war.


Results of World War II-


a. the whole world witnessed an end to the colonialism and imperialism.


b. World war ended the dictatorship of Hitler from Germany and Mussolini from Italy.


c. Germany got divided in to two parts i.e., East Germany and West Germany. East Germany came under the control of USSR and West Germany under Britain, France and USA.


d. Nationalist movements gained impetus in Asian and African countries and it happened due to the weaning of colonialism and imperialism at the time of war.


e. The whole world witnessed grim situations of unemployment and low growth, decline in the standard of living.


f. Two major power blocs emerged after the world war i.e., USA and USSR. It further resulted in cold war between these two power blocs.


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