Q. 34.1( 20 Votes )
Combined Harvester (CHs) is the modern agricultural machine which is commonly used for paddy harvest. There are many advantages of using CHs –
i. The three main activities related to crop production such as harvesting, threshing, and winnowing is done from the combined harvester.
ii. It gathers the crops, separates and cleans the grain from chaff.
iii. The use of CHs minimised the crop loss as it saves the crop from the unpredictable change in the weather especially in the coastal regions of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.
iv. The problem of labour shortage during the peak time of crop production is also solved as it takes less time to complete the agricultural activities and reduced the dependency of the labours.
v. This machine helped the farmers to start the sowing of second crop without delaying it.
The farmers are the one who benefitted the most, especially those who could afford to buy such machines.
The farmers use CHs because this machine combines all the three activities of harvesting, threshing, and winnowing. It reduced the dependency of farmers on labours and allowed them to cope up with the situation of labour shortage. It helped them to save the crops from unexpected weather change. Farmers can grow the second crops without much delay. Through, the use of CHs the timely harvest of paddy crops is now possible as it reduced the time of completing the agricultural activities.
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