Q. 18

What are Genetica

Answer :

Plant, bacteria, fungi and animals whose genes have been altered by manipulation are called Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO).

GM plants have been useful in many ways. Genetic modification has –

• Made crops more tolerant to abiotic stresses like cold, drought, salt, heat, etc.

• Reduced reliance on chemical pesticides (pest-resistant crops)

• Helped to reduce post harvest losses.

• Increased efficiency of mineral usage by plants

• Enhanced nutritional value of food. For example – Vitamin A enriched rice.

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