Counter movements are referred to those movements which arise to protect or guard the status quo. For example – there were several examples of counter movements such as Social reformer, Raja Rammohun Roy started a movement against the Sati system and formed Brahmo Samaj. The supporters of sati formed Dharma Sabha and also filed a petition appealing to Britishers as they were enacting laws against Sati. Also, when reformers raised their voice to educate girls, many people objected to it as they consider educating girls would be catastrophic for society. Also, when they raised their voice for widow remarriage they were boycotted by the people.
When the children of the ‘lower caste’ family joined the schools, the families of the ‘upper caste’ removed their children from these schools. When the proposal to extend the reservation in educational institutions was made, counter-movements against this proposal were started.
NOTE – Status quo – this is the term used to define the current status or present condition.
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