Answer :

Water logging and soil salinity are some of the problems that have come in the wake of the Green Revolution.

Causes of water logging and soil salinity

i. Irrigation without proper drainage system.

ii. Continuous presence of water draws salt to the surface of the soil, which gets deposited as a thin crust on the land surface or start collecting at the roots of the plants.

Adverse effects-

i. Increased salt content causes reduction in the growth of crops which causes extreme damage to the agriculture.

ii. Root cells get shrinked due to saline water. They lose water by the process of osmosis (The flow of water from higher concentration to lower concentration).

iii. Crops get affected and cause extreme financial loss to the farmers.

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