Answer :

Industrialisation and urbanisation are two important changes that shaped the past century. These transformations still exist and will continue in the new century.

Industrialisation is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian society into an industrial society, involving the extensive re-organisation of an economy for the purpose of manufacturing.


Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural to urban residency, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change.


Urbanization and Industrialization are linked processes in these ways:


1. Urbanization began during the industrial revolution when the workforce moved towards the developed center in cities to gain jobs in factories as agricultural jobs became fewer common.


2. The Industrial Revolution transformed material production, wealth, labour patterns and population distribution. Population movement was started by people living in small farming communities who moved to cities. These potential workers were looking for wage labour in newly developed factories. This led to urbanization or urbanised areas.


3. The causes of urbanisation since 1950s are many. Rural to urban migration on a massive scale due to population pressure and lack of resources in rural areas is one reason. Often people think that the standard of living in urban areas will be much improved than in rural areas.


4. The new industrial labour chances caused a population shift from the countryside to the cities. During the early 19th century, there was a big population growth caused by the improvements of the Agricultural Revolution of the 18th century. This also resulted in urbanisation.


5. Industrialization leads to urbanization by generating economic growth and job opportunities that draw people to cities. Urbanization typically starts when a factory or multiple factories are established within a region, thus making a high demand for factory labour.


6. With industrialization huge factories came out, it led to an increase in a number of workers in limited urban areas which grew in size with time and gave rise to large towns where factory workers lived. In simple words, the process of urbanization denotes population increase of the cities and towns. This led to urbanisation.


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