Q. 14.8( 13 Votes )
John Alexander Reina Newland was the first to discover the Periodic Table. He made a table of all known elements and arranged them on the basis of their atomic weight. Lithium is the first element and sodium is the eighth element. Similarly, the eighth element after sodium is potassium. Law of octaves says that the elements Li, Na and K must have similar chemical and physical properties. For example, if we start from Lithium (atomic mass = 6) and arrange elements in increasing order of their atomic masses, the eighth element will be sodium (atomic mass = 23). Both elements show the same physical and chemical properties.
This classification was not applicable to all elements. It was only valid for elements having atomic masses lower than Ca.
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