Answer :

Y is denser. One example for X is kerosene and one example for Y is water. Third liquid Z is alcohol (ethanol) which is soluble in water. We will observe two layers.

Now we will employ the process of fractional distillation since every liquid has different boiling point.

Upon taking them in fractionating column, first the liquid with least boiling point will evaporate and will be collected as pure compound and then the next one and in this we can separate all three liquids.

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