Q. 234.3( 10 Votes )
Two identical pit
Length of strings,
Distance between suspension points,
Magnitude of charge on each ball,
Distance between the two balls,
Let the mass of each ball be m. Let the magnitude of Tension be T and the electric force between the balls be Fe.
To be in accordance with the fact, , the balls must be attracted to each other. Hence, they are oppositely charged.
At equilibrium, all forces must cancel out in accordance with newton’s first law. Hence,
By Coulomb’s law, the electric force is given by:
Where ϵ0 is the permittivity of free space
q1 and q2 are the magnitude of charges
r is the distance of separation between the charges
The magnitude of the electric force, Fe is given by:
Substituting values in (3), we get
From equation (1), we get
From equation (2), we get
Hence, mass of each of the balls is 8.2 grams and Tension in each of the ropes is 0.08N.
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