(i) The conscience that lies deep within us is something which has a moral inclination. Our conscience whispers in our minds and prevents us from doing something which is immoral in nature. Because one listens to the conscience and is influenced by it, sometimes one cannot do something which is important but not moral.
(ii) The given extract has been taken from Hamlet’s soliloquy, ’To be or not to be’ from Act 3 scene 1. In the soliloquy, Hamlet expresses his desire to commit suicide in order to end his sufferings, but he is aware that death by suicide is an immoral act. His conscience makes him consider what may happen if he commits suicide, making him think that in the after life there is no guarantee that he will be free from all sufferings after committing suicide.
In the first line of the extract, it is thus stated that the conscience fears the outcome of death and thus makes one a coward.
The second line of the extract contradicts the first one saying that man has an inborn willingness to act which is a trait of bravery and not cowardice but this willingness to act over an idea is weakened by the conscience when one thinks too much.
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