Islam was founded by Hazrat Muhammad who was born in 570 AD in Mecca. His father’s name was Abdulla, who died before his birth and mother’s name was Amina, and she died in his early childhood. He was thus raised by his nurse Halima Dai. Muhammad Sahib married Khadija, who was a 40-year widow, at the age of 20. However, post marriage indulged himself in meditation.
Arabians lay faith in multiple gods and idol worshipping. However, when Muhammad Sahib attained divine knowledge of Islam, which proclaimed “No one except Allah should be worshipped and I am his messenger”, he faced a lot of backlashes and was tortured to leave Mecca and go to Medina. This important event is called Hizrat in Islam. This event is marked as the Hizri Samwat in Islam, from 622 A.D.
The people in Medina who welcomed Mohammad Saheb were called Ansars (helpers). He thus started propagating Islam and gained the following of people. In 632 A.D. after his death, his Khalifas founded the vast empire of Islam among which Abubakar, Siddiqui, Hazrat Umar Farooq, Hazrat Usman Gani, Hazrat Ali were the most important. Islam thus gradually spread in the whole Arab
The teachings of Islam are preserved in the Quran, the holy book of Islam.
A. There are five main teachings of Islam.
(i) Kalma (Mool Mantra): People should worship only Allah and Muhammad is his messenger (paigambar). This indicates the unity of God.
(ii) Namaz: Every Muslim should offer namaaz at five fixed times a day.
(iii) Roja (Vrat): Every Muslim should keep fast from sunrise to sunset in the month of Ramzan
(iv) Zakat (Charity): Every Muslim should give an amount of not less than the 40th part of his income in charity.
(v)Haj Pilgrimage: Every Muslim should go on pilgrimage to Mecca and Madina (called Haj) once in his life.
B. They believe that after the death of man, Allah calculates his deeds and give him heaven or hell.
C. Islam did not believe in idol worshipping.
D. Islam does not believe in the cycle of birth and rebirth, unlike other religious traditions.
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