Q. 3

Throw light on the major key features of Indian foreign policy.

Answer :

The major key features of Indian foreign policy are discussed below:

i) Non-Alignment: It is a policy India that does not formally align with either the United States or the Soviet Union. It mainly emphasized on self-determination, political freedom and independence.

ii) Panchsheela: Panchsheela is the five principles of developing a peaceful and friendly relationship with other nation states by non-interfering internal matters.

iii) Peaceful co-existence: Panchsheela treaty is based on Peaceful co-existence that emphasized on the living with peace with reciprocal enemy countries.

iv) Protest of Colonialism and Racialism: Anti-Colonialism and Racialism are always the basic ideas of foreign policy. It supports the idea of self-decision and equality of all people.

v) Support of the United Nations Organization: United Nations Organization is an international agency for making peace and security, developing friendly relations among all nations. India as its member supports its decision.

vi) Nuclear policy of India: India shapes its nuclear policy after 1960 that determines India is a nuclear power state and used nuclear weapons only on retaliation against nuclear attack.

vii) SAARC: South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC) is an association for regional co-operation in South Asia.

viii) Protest of terrorism: Terrorism in India poses a threat to the people of India and it needs an urgent solution. It led to the number of deaths, and ruined resources. India has taken steps in eliminating terrorism with an effort with a different nation.

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