Q. 35.0( 1 Vote )

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Answer :

(a) Mesmerizing Sikkim

1. Geographical features:


1.1 The mountainous stretch of Sikkim is 110 km by 65 km covering mountains, glaciers, peaks, forests, and rivers.


1.2 Sikkim is a dot on the map at a latitude of 27 degrees north and longitude 88 degree east.


1.3 Starting from the plains, an altitude of 80 km thrusts Sikkim at 28,168 km above sea level.


1.4 It boasts of Mt. Kangchenjunga, the third highest peak in the world.


1.5 Sikkim is as wide as the National Capital Region of India with 7,000 sq. km area.


1.6 To the northeast of Sikkim lies Tibet or China and to its east lies Nepal. To the south lies the Himalayan and sub-Himalayan region of West Bengal.


2. Unique features:


2.1 7,000 sq. km of mountainous peaks.


2.2 Excellent flora and fauna, one of the best in the world.


2.3 Pleasant climate from the artic type to the tropical type.


2.4 Scanty population.


3. Trekker’s paradise:


3.1 Acclimatization is tough due to:


i) Closer to the latitude of Tropic of Cancer


ii) Trekking is a challenge in sharp mountainous edges.


3.2 Snowline at a much higher altitude.


3.3 Human settlements even at an altitude of 16,000 feet above sea level.


(b) Sikkim is a land of mountains, valleys, glaciers, and rivers. Its rich beauty and wild adventurous offerings, make Sikkim unmatched and unparalleled in any other mountainous regions. Unbelievable geographical features, the third highest peak Kangchenjunga and other snowy peaks stretch along 7,000 km of Sikkim. Mesmerizing flora and fauna, climate variation from arctic type to tropical type and relatively scanty population are Sikkim’s unique features. With an area of Sikkim 7,000-sq km and an expanse of 110 km by 65 km, Sikkim has international boundaries with China and Nepal. Domestic boundaries with Bihar and West Bengal. Though acclimatization poses a major challenge, trekking is a popular activity. Proximity to the Tropic of Cancer and sharp peak edges offer excitement and challenge to the trekkers. Amazingly, human settlement is found even at an altitude of 16,000 feet.

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