Q. 185.0( 1 Vote )

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Answer :

a) India’s diversity has been both the point of celebration and contention over the decades. Its geographical location, its democracy and the inherent friction caused by the existence of such diversity has given rise to several threats that have compromised its security on several levels. External security threats to India include terrorism, insurgency and illegal migration along its long borders. Internal security threats include rising unemployment leading to poverty increase, intolerance in the name of religious, social and caste divisions, rising politicisation of minor issues and unhealthy centre-state relations, acts of human rights violation, diseases, epidemics and ecological issues which affect the common people.

b) The broad components of democratic India’s security strategy can be ideally grouped under four categories –

i. Military component – India has a long-standing dispute with its neighbouring countries Pakistan and China both of which are nuclear enabled. This has caused the strengthening of its military capabilities in order to provide adequate security in case of war.

ii. International strategy – India has been an active member of several international institutions in order to protect its security interests.

iii. Preservation of national unity – India is the world’s largest democratic country and this allows the diverse groups present within its boundaries to share political power and an inclusive social structure.

iv. Economic development – India is a developing country and its economic measures are taken with the objective of reducing mass poverty and inequality.

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