Answer :

The three-dimensional approaches adopted by government to alleviate poverty

1. Trickle down approach: This approach assumes that the positive effects of economic growth will benefit all the sections of society whether rich or poor or very poor.

2. Poverty alleviation approach: In this approach income earning assets and employment generation opportunities were created.

3. Providing basic amenities: This approach aimed at providing basic amenities to the poor people so as to improve their health, productivity and income earning opportunities for alleviating poverty.

The effect of these three-dimensional approaches are -

a) Though there has been a reduction in the percentage of absolute poor in some of the states of India but still we cannot see that the basic amenities could reach every poor people.

b) The income earning assets and productive resources are not owned by the poor.

c) There was inequality of income from land due to land reforms.

d) The improper implementation of poverty alleviation programmes lead to increased corruption and improper and inefficient allocation of scarce resources.

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