Answer :

(a) The method of producing plants or trees is known as grafting.

(b) The cut stem of a plant having roots and fixed in soil is called stock.

(c) The cut stem of plant which has no roots but has some leaves is called scion.

(d) Z is cambium layer.

(e) The layer Z called cambium layer of one stem be in contact with the layer of the other cut stem because cambium layer in the stem is responsible for growth.

(f) Peach, apple, apricot and pear trees are usually bred by the grafting method.

(g) Advantage: It enables us to combine the most desirable characteristics of the two plants in its flowers and fruits.

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