Answer :

Social-religious reforms in the 19th century helped in the growth of Indian Nationalism. The main reason for the emergence of the reform movements was the spread of western education and liberal ideas. These reforms started in Bengal and later spread in all parts of India. All the reform movements demanded changes in society through social or education transformations.


There are several reasons for the emergence of social and religious reform movements. They are:


• THE CONDITION OF WOMEN WAS VERY PATHETIC.


Women’s problems like Sati, female infanticide, widow remarriage, lack of education etc


• THE CONDITION OF DALITS (SHUDRAS) AND THE LOWER CASTES WERE SO DREADFUL


Casteism and untouchability remained very strong, and the marginalized people were not allowed any freedom in any field of their social life.


• ISSUES IN RELIGIOUS CONDITIONS


Idolatry, polytheism, religious superstitions and exploitation by priests were unbearable.


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