India is the second largest country in terms of population after China, with a population of 1.3 billion people India is more than 4 times the population of the third largest country U.S.A at 330 million. The magnitude of India’s population can be gauged by the fact that 1 in 6 humans is an Indian citizen. Hence, India has a huge demand for every resource available. With such a large population comes a huge responsibility to strive sustainable use of resources.
Sir Robert Malthus, an English scholar of the late 18th century, was the first to raise concerns about the growing scarcity of resources as compared to the human population. Sir Malthus expressed his idea in simple terms: human population grew in geometric progression (in multiplication) and resources in arithmetic progression (in addition) and so there comes a day when human population shall outstrip the resource endowments of the planet.
Alongside, the growing scarcity is the uneven distribution of resources everywhere. The unending pursuit of the resource by the powerful and use of the same for exhibiting one's prowess is the prime cause of conflicts as well as the apparent contradiction between population, resource and development.
Nowadays, Neo-Malthusians, environmentalists and radical ecologists believe that for a happy and peaceful social life proper balance between population and resources is a necessary condition. Understanding this idea, the developed countries of the West have tried to decrease their dependence on resources by switching to non-conventional and renewable alternatives.
India, with its enormous population, is soon entering the ranks of developed nations. Without proper steps India’s huge population could easily emerge as the next big user of Earth’s resources. Thus, the prime task before any developmental activity in India is to maintain parity between population and resources.
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