The phenomenon wherein, the ovary develops into a fruit without fertilisation is called:
C. Asexual reproduction
D. Sexual reproduction
Parthenocarpy is development of a fruit without prior fertilization. Hence the fruits are seedless. So in this the ovary develops into a fruit without fertilisation.
Apomixis is development of a seeds without prior fertilization. It is observed in few flowering. Apomixis is a form of asexual reproduction that mimics sexual reproduction. Apomixis avoids the processes of meiosis and fertilization, leading to embryo development.
Vegetative propagation is type of asexual reproduction in a plant where new plant is formed with involvement of just one parent. The new plant is genetically identical to the parent.
Sexual reproduction – here new offspring is formed with involvement of two parents.
Therefore, the correct answer is option (a).
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(a) How are Parthenocarpic fruits produced by some plants and apomictic seeds by some others? Explain.
(b) When do farmers prefer using apomictic seeds?
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