Q. 1054.3( 3 Votes )

The partially digested food coming from the stomach of a person enters a long and narrow organ A in his body. The organ A receives the secretions of two glands : liver and pancreas. Liver secretes a greenish yellow liquid B which is normally stored in the organ C. Pancreas secretes pancreatic juice which contains three digestive enzymes D, E and F. The intestinal juice completes the process of digestion of food. The inner wall of organ A has millions of tiny finger-like projections G which help in the rapid absorption of digested food into blood stream. The undigested part of food then passes into wider tube H which absorbs most of the water from undigested food. The last part of tube H called I stores this undigested food (or waste) for some time. The undigested food is then passed out though opening J as faeces in the process known as K.

(a) Name the organ A

(b) Name (t) liquid B, and (it) organ C.

(c) What are the digestive enzymes D, E and F?

(d) Name the projections G present on the inner wall of organ A.

(e) Name (i) tube H (ii) part I (iii) opening J, and (iv) process K.

Answer :

(a) Small intestine (A).

(b) Bile (B) is a alkaline fluid which is stored in the gall bladder (C).

(c) Pancreatic juice contains three digestive enzymes: Pancreatic amylase (D), Trypsin (E) and Lipase (F).

(d) The inner wall of small intestine (A) has millions of finger-like projections called Villi (G).

(e) (i) The undigested food passes from the small intestine (A) into a wide tube called Large intestine (H).

(ii) The last part of large intestine is Rectum (I).

(iii) The opening by which undigested food is passed out is Anus (J).

(iv) The process by which undigested food is thrown out from the body is Egestion (K).

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PREVIOUSWhen a person puts food in his mouth, then teeth cut it into small pieces, chew and grind it. The glands A in the mouth secrete a substance B which is mixed with the food by tongue. The substance B contains an enzyme C which starts the digestion of food in the mouth. The slightly digested food from the mouth goes down a tube D. The special type of movements E in the walls of tube D push the food into stomach for further digestion. The stomach wall secretes gastric juice containing three substance F, G and H. One of the functions of F is to kill bacteria which may enter the stomach with food. The substance G protects the inside layer of stomach from the damaging effect of substance F whereas substance H is an enzyme for digestion. The partially digested food then enters into small intestine for further digestion.(a) What is (i) gland A(ii) substance B, and (iii) enzyme C?(b) Name the tube D.(c) What is the movement E known as?(d) What are (i) F (ii) G, and (iii) H?NEXTA unicellular animal P having no fixed shape ingests a food particle by forming temporary finger-like projections Q. The food particle is engulfed with a little surrounding water to form a temporary stomach R inside it. The chemicals S from surrounding cytoplasm enter into R and break down food into small and soluble molecules by chemical reactions. The digested food is absorbed directly into cytoplasm by the process T. The undigested food is thrown out of the body by the rupture of a cell organelle U in a process called V.(a) Name the unicellular animal P. (b) What are (i) Q and (ii) R ?(c) Name (i) chemicalS, and (ii) process T.(d) Name (i) organelle U, and (ii) process V.
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