Q. 5 A4.3( 19 Votes )

Prepare a flow ch

Answer :

The journey of cloth from farm to our hands can also be stated as its journey from to fibre to fabric. The journey of any cloth initially starts as a raw material. For instance, cotton comes from the cotton plants, silk from silkworms and wool from sheep/yak. These raw materials are allowed to grow and develop. Then they are extracted from their sources.

Cotton is grown from cotton seeds. It is harvested in the appropriate time, and the cotton fibre is separated from the seeds. The process is called ginning. In the case of silk, it is produced by the silkworms by feasting on the mulberry leaves. They weave a cocoon covering them which is boiled to separate silk from it. The process is called reeling of silk. Wool is extracted from the fur of sheep, goat or yak. Its fur is removed from the skin for the production of wool. This process is called shearing.

The subsequent steps involved in the processing of the fibre is similar for all kinds of fabrics. The fibres are spun together to form cloth threads. It can be done either manually or with machines. After spinning the clothes are dyed with the required colours. The threads are then knitted together to form cloth fabrics. This process is called weaving. This step converts the thread to fabric. Then the fabric is processed according to the requirements of the industries to different types of clothes. After the production is completed, they are sold to the wholesale and retail shops. From the shops, the clothes find their way towards buyers.

It can be represented by a flowchart-

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