Answer :

(a) It is a form of true democracy as it gives the power to the people directly. Before formulating any policy or taking any decision a referendum is held where people cast their vote in favor or against and accordingly decisions are taken.

(b) During emergency prohibition and restrictions were imposed almost at everywhere.


1. The newspapers and the press department were ordered to publish the news only after prior approval of Government. Many journalists were arrested and many press industries were shut down. Acts like this are completely against the principles of democracy. In democracy freedom of speech and expression is granted to everyone.


2. The people were arrested and put behind bars just on the basis of contemplations. They were not even provided with reasons for their arrest. Acts like this are also against the freedom of right that is granted to the citizens of democratic nations.


(c) After an emergency, a general election was held and Janata Party came to power. The Janata Party was a coalition party and was mainly formed to oppose emergency proclamation. Hence after the election, there was stiff competition between Charan Singh, jagjivan Ram, and Morarji Desai.


There was no common programme and the party lacked direction. Soon the Janata Party got split and the government led by Morarji Desai lost the majority.


Then a fresh election was held in 1980 and Congress led by Indira Gandhi emerged victoriously.


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