Q. 83.7( 3 Votes )

The figure given below is representing the dialysis machine for removing nitrogenous wastes in patient with a kidney failure.

Which substances out of the following in the dialysis fluid should be at a lower concentration than in the blood of patient?
A. Glucose and urea

B. Glucose and amino acids

C. Salts and urea

D. Glucose and salts

Answer :

The kidney is dysfunctional in the patient; nitrogenous wastes will not be excreted out from his body. As a result, salts and urea will get accumulated in the blood. The dialysis fluid is meant for filtering the blood, so it contains no nitrogenous wastes. As compared to blood, urea and salts should be at a lower concentration in the dialysis fluid.

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