The physiographic factors that influenced the distribution pattern of Indian Railways:
1. Northern Plains were the most favourable because of its level land, agricultural prowess, and high population density. But constructing bridges over the huge river network was a problem.
2. In the peninsular region, railway tracks were made on low hills or through gaps and tunnels because it was a hilly region.
3. Unfavourable places for railways tracks include sandy plains of Himalayas, Rajasthan, Gujarat swamps and forested tracks of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and Jharkhand.
Explanation: India has a very diverse geography and economic activities depend a lot on the areas’ physiographic factors. So, it’s impossible to have an even distribution of railways in India.
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