Q. 11 B4.8( 4 Votes )

<span lang="EN-US

Answer :

The reasons behind the dipole moment of chlorobenzene being lower than that of cyclohexyl chloride are:

i) The C-Cl bond in chlorobenzene is more electronegative due to sp3 hybridization whereas the C-Cl bond in cyclohexyl chloride is less electronegative due to sp2 hybridization.


ii) In case of chlorobenzene, the C-Cl bond develops a partial double bond nature whereas the C-Cl bond in cyclohexyl chloride has single bond nature. Due to this, the C-Cl bond in chlorobenzene has shorter bond length.


And because the dipole moment is the product of charge and distance, and both the above-mentioned factors are lesser in case of chlorobenzene, it has lower dipole moment.


Rate this question :

How useful is this solution?
We strive to provide quality solutions. Please rate us to serve you better.
Try our Mini CourseMaster Important Topics in 7 DaysLearn from IITians, NITians, Doctors & Academic Experts
Dedicated counsellor for each student
24X7 Doubt Resolution
Daily Report Card
Detailed Performance Evaluation
caricature
view all courses
RELATED QUESTIONS :

Discuss the naturChemistry - Exemplar

Match the structuChemistry - Exemplar

Draw other resonaChemistry - Exemplar