Q. 3

The constants a and b for the pair silver-lead are 2.50 μV°C–1 and 0.012 μV°C–1 respectively. For a silver-lead thermocouple with colder junction at 0°C.
A. there will be no neutral temperature.

B. there will be no inversion temperature

C. there will not be any thermo-emf even if the junctions are kept at different temperatures.

D. there will be no current in the thermocouple even if the junctions are kept at different temperatures.

Answer :

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Thermocouples are of two wire legs made from different metals. These wires legs are welded together at one end, creating a junction.


This junction is where the temperature is measured.


When the change in temperature occurs at junction, a voltage is created.


Now neutral temperature for the thermocouple.
is the temperature of the hot junction at which the thermo-emf in a thermocouple becomes maximum


For a thermocouple with constants a and b having the same sign, the neutral temperature will be less than the cold junction temperature of thermocouple, as



Hence, there will be no neutral or inversion temperature, since the hot junction temperature cannot be less than the temperature of cold junction of thermocouple.

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