Answer :

1. The main objective of the non-cooperation movement was ‘not to cooperate with the British’ but the civil disobedience movement not only called for non-cooperation but breaking of various colonial laws.

2. During the non-cooperation movement, for example, students left government controlled schools and colleges, headmasters and teachers resigned, and lawyers gave up their legal practices. In contrast, people in large no. broke the salt law by manufacturing salt from seawater during the civil disobedience movement.

3. The non-cooperation movement saw the boycott of all kinds of foreign goods and foreign cloth and the simultaneous promotion of khadi cloth. But the civil disobedience not only boycotted foreign goods but also called for a complete boycott of British institutions and the British systems of governance. For example – many people broke the forest laws and entered the restricted areas, people refused to pay any kind of taxes to the government.

NOTE – The non-cooperation movement was narrow in its approach as well as participation which soon turned violent at many places. Various economic and financial situations also forced people to get back to the government set up institutions as there were no alternative Indian institutions available in their place. The civil disobedience movement, on the other hand, covered a wide variety of groups. The breaking of many colonial laws coupled with non-cooperation with the British system played an important role in uniting Indians across cultural and social backgrounds.

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