The amplifiers X, Y and Z are connected in series. If the voltage gains of X, Y and Z are 10, 20 and 30, respectively and the input signal is 1 mV peak value, then what is the output signal voltage (peak value)
(i) if dc supply voltage is 10V?
(ii) if dc supply voltage is 5V?
Voltage gain of X = 10
Voltage gain of Y = 20
Voltage gain of Z = 30
Input signal Vi = 1 mV
Since the three amplifiers are connected in series, the net gain would be
Then the output signal voltage will be
(i) Now, if the supply voltage is 10 V the output voltage will be 6V, since the output can never be greater than 6 V.
(ii) If the supply voltage is 5V, saturation occurs and the output voltage will not exceed 5V, therefore peak output voltage = 5V.
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