Q. 14.0( 10 Votes )
The amount of cha
a) IT-1, I, IT b)53A
Charge as a function of time is Q(t) = At2 + Bt + C.
The principle of homogeneity states that each term on the either side of an equation has the same dimensions.
a) Each terms on the Right Hand Side of the equation has the same unit, and hence the dimension of that of the term on the Left Hand Side.
So, each term on RHS is having same dimensions as of the quantity Charge, Q.
We know that, Charge Q is
Where I is current with dimension ‘I’ and t is time in seconds with dimension ‘T’.
Hence the dimension of Q or Q(t)is ‘IT’.
By inspection, we can see that the term C in RHS is devoid of any other quantities and hence C also has the dimension ‘IT’ (Ans.)
We know that dimension of the term At2 is also ‘IT’, and t represents time (Dimension T).
So dimensions of A, B, and C are IT-1, I, IT respectively.
b) The expression for the charge at time t can be rewritten by assigning values to the constants as.
We know that instantaneous current, I can be expressed as
By substituting the given expression in the above equation, we get,
For t=5s, I becomes
Hence the current at t=5s is 53A
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