Q. 45.0( 1 Vote )
Summarise the social anthropological definition of caste.
Social anthropological definition of caste emphasises on following six features –
Caste is based on segmental division: This means that the society is divided into various segments or compartments, which are closed and mutually exclusive. It is closed system because caste is decided by birth and can neither be avoided nor changed.
Caste is based on hierarchical division: Each caste is strictly unequal to all other castes, which means every caste is either higher or lower than the other caste in the hierarchical division of caste system.
Caste imposes restriction on social interaction: The institution of caste is governed by the rule of ideas of purity and pollution, which imposes restrictions on social interaction, specially the sharing of food.
Differential rights and duties for different castes: Due to the principles of hierarchy and restricted social interaction, caste involves differential rights and duties. These rights and duties pertain not only to religious practices but also extend to the secular world.
Restriction on the choice of occupation: The caste is decided by birth and is hereditary and the functions of each cast are rigid with specific occupations being allocated to specific castes.
It Imposes strict restrictions on marriage: Caste involves strict restrictions on marriage. Caste 'endogamy', is accompanied by rules about 'exogamy. This means that marriages can take place only within the caste and one may not marry a person who is not of his or her caste. This rule helps in reproducing the caste system.
Rate this question :
What arguments were given for and against the village as a subject of sociological research by M.N. Srinivas and Louis Dumont?NCERT - Understanding Society
What is the significance of village studies in the history of Indian sociology? What role did M.N. Srinivas play in promoting village studies?NCERT - Understanding Society
What is a welfare state? Why is A.R. Desai critical of the claims made on its behalf?NCERT - Understanding Society
What are the specificities of Indian culture and society, and how do they affect the pattern of change?NCERT - Understanding Society
What does D.P. Mukerji mean by a ‘living tradition’? Why did he insist that Indian sociologists be rooted in this tradition?NCERT - Understanding Society
What were the main arguments on either side of the debate about how to relate to tribal communities?NCERT - Understanding Society
Outline the positions of Herbert Risley and G.S. Ghurye on the relationship between race and caste in India.NCERT - Understanding Society
How did AnanthakrishnaIyer and Sarat Chandra Roy come to practice social anthropology?NCERT - Understanding Society
Summarise the social anthropological definition of caste.NCERT - Understanding Society