State three impor
Federalism is the form of government where the power is divided between central government and state government. There will be two forms of government in the federalism. The central government is for addressing the national interest. The state government is for addressing the state's interest. Both these levels of governments enjoy their power independent of the other.
The following are the important features of federalism
• Sharing of power: For the efficient governance of the nation, there are two or more forms of government. This will lead to sharing of power for the state and central government.
• Constitutionality of power sharing: The jurisdictions of the particular levels or tiers of government are specified in the constitution. So the existence and authority of each tier of government are constitutionally guaranteed.
• Upholding the provisions of the constitution: The provisions of the constitution which is fundamental cannot be changed by any level or tier of government.
Decentralization is the process of sharing of power between the governments. In India, the decentralization is sharing between the centre and state. Decentralization led to the three-tier of government. When power is taken away from Central and State governments and given to local government, it is called decentralization.
Major steps were taken by the Indian government towards decentralization in 1992.
• Constitution was amended to make the third tier of government for the democracy. This led to the emergence of local government.
• Panchayats, Municipalities and villages were set up in all the districts of the state. But these were under the control of state government. The State governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies.
• An independent institution called the State Election Commission has been created in each State to conduct panchayat and municipal elections.
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