Q. 14.3( 3 Votes )

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Answer :

Emasculation: is the process of removing anthers from bisexual flowers without affecting the pistil (female reproductive part), using a pair of forceps.

It is performed by the plant breeders to obtain the desired variety of a plant by cross a particular plant with the desired pollen grain.

This process is conducted in order to avoid self-pollination. When the stigma of bagged flowers attains receptivity, mature pollen grains collected from the anthers of the male parents are dusted on the stigma and the flowers are rebadged, and the fruits are allowed to develop.

In addition, the chances of fertilisation is high. Through this approach, a variety of strains of crops can be developed and it improves the quality of crop with desirable characters.

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