Q. 45.0( 1 Vote )

State the problems arising from migration to urban areas.

Answer :

Large scale migration to the urban areas due to industrialization gave rise to various problems. Some of them are :


• Crime


• Poor living condition


• Unemployment.


Crime :


• Maintaing law and order to control such a huge population became a major problem.


• According to philanthropists, public morality was deteriorating.


• Poverty led to the increase of theft, pickpockets and other crimes.


Poor living condition :


• Industries were unable to provide their labourers with adequate housing.


• There was a rise in slum areas where cheap housing was provided to the poor.


• These slum rooms were mainly one chamber rooms with very poor sanitation. They were often overcrowded and lacked proper ventilation.


• There was a risk of the epidemic due to unhygienic living conditions.


Unemployment :


• Factories were having surplus labour so it was often becoming a problem to find a suitable job.


• During World War I, men were inducted in armies. So, women and children were employed in factories to fill the vacancy and meet the huge demand for materials during wartime.


• After WWI, when men returned, women lost their factory jobs and they were forced to do household jobs of tailoring, nursing or work as housemaids.


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