Q. 45.0( 1 Vote )
State the problems arising from migration to urban areas.
Large scale migration to the urban areas due to industrialization gave rise to various problems. Some of them are :
• Poor living condition
• Maintaing law and order to control such a huge population became a major problem.
• According to philanthropists, public morality was deteriorating.
• Poverty led to the increase of theft, pickpockets and other crimes.
Poor living condition :
• Industries were unable to provide their labourers with adequate housing.
• There was a rise in slum areas where cheap housing was provided to the poor.
• These slum rooms were mainly one chamber rooms with very poor sanitation. They were often overcrowded and lacked proper ventilation.
• There was a risk of the epidemic due to unhygienic living conditions.
• Factories were having surplus labour so it was often becoming a problem to find a suitable job.
• During World War I, men were inducted in armies. So, women and children were employed in factories to fill the vacancy and meet the huge demand for materials during wartime.
• After WWI, when men returned, women lost their factory jobs and they were forced to do household jobs of tailoring, nursing or work as housemaids.
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