Q. 524.4( 11 Votes )
State the law of constant proportions. Give one example to illustrate this law.
Law of constant proportions was given by Joseph Proust in 1799. According to this law, “a chemical compound always contains same elements in definite proportion by mass and it does not depend on the source of compound.” Compounds are formed by the combination of two or more elements. In a compound the ratio of the atoms or element by mass remains always same irrespective of the source of compound. This means a certain compound always formed by the combination of atoms in same ratio by mass. If the ratio of mass of constituent atoms will be altered the new compound is formed.
Example: Water is formed by the combination of hydrogen and oxygen. The ratio of masses of hydrogen and oxygen is always in 1:8 in water irrespective of source of water. Whether you collect the water from a well, river, pond or from anywhere the ratio of their constituent atoms by mass will always same.
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[Atomic mass of C = 12 u, O = 16 u]
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