Q. 83.9( 7 Votes )

State the different causes of soil erosion pertaining to the following region and suggest remedial measures for the same.

(a) Mountainous regions

(b) Steep slopes and plateaus

(c) Coastal areas

(d) Desert areas

(e) River plains

Answer :

(a) mountainous regions

Cause: Lack of trees lead to loosening of soil which gets washed away due to rainfall and wind


Remedy: Afforestation


(b) Steep slopes and plateaus


Cause: Lack of trees lead to loosening of soil which gets washed away due to rainfall and wind


Remedy: Afforestation


(c) Coastal areas


Cause: caused by hydraulic action, abrasion, impact and corrosion by wind, water, and other forces, natural or unnatural.


Remedy: Reduce human interference


(d) Desert areas


Cause: Desert areas are largely affected by winds as there is little vegetation to hold the soil.


Remedy: Change land-use pattern and reduce overgrazing and conversion into agricultural lands.


(e) River plains


Causes: Pollution of river bodies, encroachment of river banks


Remedy: Prevent urbanisation very close to river bodies, prevent dumping of wastes into the river bodies.


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