Answer :

Introduction: Maharana Sangha was the ruler of Mewar, and is considered as the strongest Rajput ruler of his times. He fought against Babur in several battles, and ultimately died while trying to save Chanderi territories.


The Honour code: During the Kumbha period, the only way to attain glory was to fight against Muslim forces. Thus, Rana Sangha chose to fight against the Gujarati rulers in 1520 and the Khilji rulers of Malwa later. In 1517, he fought a battle at Khatauli against Ibrahim Lodi and defeated the Sultan of Delhi. Hence, Mewar annexed Dholpur from the Sultan.


Babur captures Delhi: In 1526, Babur captured Delhi from Ibrahim Lodhi. He saw the rising power of Rana Sangha as a threat to his throne. So, Babur attacked and captured Dholpur and Kalpi.


Mughal defeat at Banya: Rana Sangha had full control over Banya. Enraged by Babur’s captures, he defeated the Mughal forces at Banya. This led to discouragement in the Babur army.


Battle of Khanwa: Babur and Rana Sangha faced each other in the Battle of Khanwa in 1527. Since Babur’s army was losing, they decided to attack the Mewar army from the back. In this process, an arrow struck Rana Sangha, who was badly wounded. By the time he recovered, massive destruction had taken place and Mewar forces were losing. So he decided to go to Medani Rai of Chanderi for help. However, before he could reach, his health worsened and he died near Kalpi, unable to protect Mewar from Babur.


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