Answer :

Three arguments in support of India’s candidature to the UN Security Council are as follows –

i. India is the second most populous country in the world and the world’s largest democracy.

ii. India has always had an amiable relationship with the United Nations and has participated in almost all its’ initiatives. It has maintained a long and substantial role in the UNs’ peace keeping missions.

iii. As India emerged as a leading economic power in recent times, its standing with the UN has increased.

Three factors that obstruct permanent membership status for India in the UN Security Council are –

i. The structure of the Security Council is preventing India from gaining permanent membership status. The inclusion of India can only occur once an amendment has been made to the UNSC charter for which it needs the votes of two-third of its general members and the P5.

ii. Several neighbouring countries of India, like Pakistan and China have opposed India’s bid to become a permanent member.

iii. India is not a signatory of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, and possesses nuclear weapons and this has caused USA to oppose India's permanent membership on the Security Council.


Three reforms which may improve the structure, process and the jurisdiction of the United Nations are as follows -

• The number of new permanent and non-permanent members to UNSC should be increased and they should represent Asian, African and South American continents. This would allow equal representation of the countries in the UN.

• The new permanent members should also be provided with veto power. Otherwise the new permanent members will be powerless. The veto power itself shall be abolished in case the existing permanent members oppose the veto power of new permanent members.

• Several steps have also been suggested to bring about jurisdiction reforms in the UN. These include creation of Peace Building Commission, Agreements for achieving Millennium Development Goals, etc.

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