Q. 194.0( 2 Votes )

“Specific B

Answer :

Bacillus thuringiensis is the bacteria from which the Bt toxin gene was isolated. The Bt toxin gene is coded by the genes cryIAc and cryIIAb.

• Bacillus thuringiensis forms crystals containing a toxic called insecticidal Crystal protein.

• When this inactive Bt toxin is ingested by the insect, it is converted into an active form.

• Due to the alkaline pH conditions of the gut of the insect, the toxin crystals get solubilised.

• The activated toxin then binds to the epithelial cells present on the surface of the gut.

• They create pores that causes the cells to swell and break/lyse, eventually killing the insect.

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