Q. 235.0( 2 Votes )

Some people conclude that politics and social divisions should not be allowed to mix." Support this idea with arguments.

OR

Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions. When does a social difference become a social division?

Answer :

The combination of politics and society is a disastrous one. It often leads to years of conflicts among different groups.


Democracy involves competitions among different political parties. These competitions are often based on social differences. If the concerned does not take proper action, such differences lead to the creation of political differences. This, in turn, creates violence, indifferent attitude, and disintegration among the citizens.


Its impact can be highlighted in the following way:


1. Impact of the social division during the selection of a leader: Every person is born in a social division. Naturally, he is bent towards the members of his own social division. He begins his socialization with the same. Gradually, he is bent towards the members of his own social division. So, during the time of selection of a leader he chooses one from his own social division.


2. The Reservation system: The Indian Constitution has a reserved caste system for Schedule Caste, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes. This has led to the emergence of many pro-reservation and groups.


3. Social division and decision making: The decision makers of the country must make a careful evaluation during decision making. This is done to avoid the concentration of a particular division in a particular state.


4. Local government: The social division often proves to be an obstacle for the smooth working of the Panchayat in the rural areas.


5. History has given us many examples to support this argument. The political issues among the various ethnicities in Yugoslavia separated it into 6 different countries. The fights among the security forces of UK and nationalists, and the Unionists and Nationalists led to the death of hundreds of civilians and military.


In a democracy, it is natural that the government might focus on certain sections, make a promise to favour the oppressed sections of the society, etc. but such kind of discussions create trouble when they are taken in a negative way.


OR


A social difference becomes a social division when its impact can be seen in different fields. The shift from ‘difference’ to ‘division’ leads to rifts among political parties and create an atmosphere of tension, conflict and at times even violence. Its impact can be understood by the following points:


1. Impact of the social division during the selection of a leader: Every person is born in a social division. Naturally, he is bent towards the members of his own social division. He begins his socialization with the same. So, during the time of selection of a leader he chooses one from his own community.


2. The Reservation system: The Indian Constitution has a reserved caste system for Schedule Caste, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes. This has led to the emergence of many pro-reservation and groups.


3. Social division and decision making: The decision makers of the country have to make a careful evaluation during decision making. This is done to avoid the concentration of a particular division in a particular state.


4. Local government: The social division often proves to be an obstacle for the smooth working of the Panchayat in the rural areas.


All of the above points indicate when a social difference become a social division and causes conflicts and issues.


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