Answer :

(i) Resource: These natural endowments in the aforesaid forms are called resources.

(ii) Minerals: Minerals are found naturally and are utilized in a greater speed than it can renew. So it falls under the non-renewable category.

(iii) Black: It has the highest water retaining capacity.

(iv) Laterite: The Laterite Soil develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall.

(v) Afforestation: Plantation of trees on a large scale to check soil erosion.

(vi) Alluvial: This is the most widely spread and important soil. The entire northern plains are made of alluvial soil. These soils contain adequate proportion of potash, phosphoric acid and lime.

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