Answer :

The demands of the workers in Russia were the following:

1. The private property should be abolished


2. Everyone must be giving work


3. The authority must be given to the people and the workers


4. The production control must be in the hand of the people


The circumstances that led the workers to demands the above were the following:


1. Russia was under the autocratic power of Tsar. The farmers and factory workers lead a tragic life.


2. The agricultural production was very low which affected the farmer's income.


3. Heavy taxes to be paid by the landless farmers.


4. Although Russia was rich in natural resources, the industrial production was very low.


The Marxist ideology focused on the establishment of the Supremacy of the workers instead of the capitalist. Trade unions were set up for the promotion of the workers.


Several other circumstances which led to the Russian Revolution were the following:


1. Great influence by the political leaders


2. After the effects of the first world war


3. The defeat of Russia by Japan in 1905


It is said that the Russian Revolution helped the progress of the working class because the consequences of this revolution favoured them. This can be explained in the following points:


1. The land was distributed to the farmers instead of the lords.


2. Factories, banks, transport, and foreign trade were brought under public ownership.


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